220.72 Criminal possession of precursors of methamphetamine
Charges associated with methamphetamine sale and distribution are unique from many other illegal controlled substances. The reason connects to how “meth” may be produced in a lab in any number of domestic locations. The utilization of various chemical precursors allows those working in the lab to actually create methamphetamines. Ephedrine and pseudoephedrine, two legal substances sold in drug stores, remain major precursors to the production of the illegal drug. This is why the purchase of ephedrine or pseudoephedrine requires a photo ID.
Possession of chemicals with the intent to use them to produce methamphetamines is a crime. In New York, Penal Code 220.72 addresses the issue under the offense “Criminal possession of precursors of methamphetamine.”
The Possession of Precursors and Chemicals
Under this very clear statute, a person must possess both the precursors and “a chemical reagent.” The aforementioned drugs ephedrine and pseudoephedrine ranks as precursors along with any “salt, isomer or salt of an isomer of such substances.” Precursors must be combined with certain chemicals in order to produce meth. Methylamine, hydrochloric acid, and isopropanol are chemicals with an association to making methamphetamine.
If law enforcement were to discover both precursors and chemical reagents “at the same time,” those in possession could – and surely would – be charged with possession. The words “at the same time” must not be discounted. Arresting someone for possession of a product with ephedrine without any chemicals to connect the possession with methamphetamine manufacturing might mean the possession charge ends up being a weak one. A competent defense attorney would make a judgment call on the merit or lack of merit of the evidence central to a possession charge.
The Issue of Intent
Intent plays a role in whether a person actually would be guilty under this statute. The law notes a person must maintain an intent to use the chemical and the precursors to manufacture methamphetamine or know someone else intends to manufacture the drug. Proving intent probably would not be too difficult if a significant amount of chemicals and precursors were discovered in a hidden lab. The issue of intent could be brought up in a defense to the charges when an arrest occurs under more ambiguous circumstances.
The charges definitely are serious ones. Any person charged with “Criminal possession of precursors of methamphetamine” faces a possible conviction under the category of a Class E felony.
Class E Felony Penalties
New York Penal Code 220.72 ranks as a non-violent Class E felony. Therefore, the penalties won’t be as severe as becomes the case with a violent felony. Even so, possession of meth precursors comes with significant potential penalties since the crime connects with the illegal manufacturing and distribution of a dangerous and addictive substance.
As far as penalties and sentencing go, non-violent Class E felony could very well only face probation. A person may also face a minimum of 1 1/3 years to 4 years in prison depending on previous conviction records. A $5,000 fine or double what the person earned from the commission of a crime may be levied.
In addition to providing a solid defense, a criminal defense attorney might be able to negotiate lenient sentencing in the event of a conviction. Perhaps a reasonable plea bargain agreement may be reached. The key here is anyone charged with this crime should hire experienced counsel.
Mar 31, 2020
May 17, 2018
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