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Is medical marijuana legal?

IS MEDICINAL MARIJUANA LEGAL?
Medicinal marijuana is the use of chemicals found in the cannabis plant to treat diseases and other health conditions. The product is the same as that of recreational marijuana. The difference is that this one is taken for medical purposes. There are more than one hundred different chemicals found in the marijuana plant called cannabinoids. Today, marijuana is not legal in many U.S. states, but it has been used as a medicine for thousands of years. It can be consumed in many forms, such as plant form, ingesting, or even vaping via vape carts.

The main ingredient in cannabis is the tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and its amount varies and has been increasing over the past few years. When the THC gets into the body, it sticks to the brain and stimulates the cannabinoid receptors. These receptors react in the body in different ways such as insomnia, nausea, inflammation, and increased appetite. Apart from THC, another chemical with health benefits in marijuana is the CBD.

Medical marijuana is used to treat various diseases and condition such as, chronic pain, nausea, muscle spasms, sleep issues, AIDS, arthritis, anorexia, cancer, glaucoma, chronic pain, and migraine. Cannabis makes you hungry and that’s why it is used to treat side effects of illness that cause loss of appetite. Marijuana is used to ease certain symptoms but it cannot change the result of some diseases. The thing is that it will make one feel better and make your life better.

One of the major risks of cannabis is the addiction. According to researchers, people who smoke marijuana before they get to the age of 18 years are more likely to have a cannabis use disorder compared to adults. If you become cannabis dependent then you stop all over sudden, you may end up having withdrawal symptoms. These withdrawal symptoms may include, mood difficulties, insomnia, decreased appetite, nausea, restlessness, physical discomfort, and irritability.

Medical marijuana has some minor and major side effects. These side effects include decreased problem-solving skills, short-term reduced memory, short-term reduced attention span, dizziness, light-headedness, fainting, low blood pressure, increased heart rate, sense of time, memory loss, attention span, motor control, dry mouth, anxiety, dry eyes, drowsiness, and lowered blood sugar levels.

Marijuana remains classified at the federal level as a number 1 substance under the Controlled Substances Act. In this Act, schedule 1 substances are examined to have a high likelihood of dependency and no allowed medical use. Consequently, this makes the circulation of marijuana a federal crime. The Obama Administration gave the federal agents a memo on October 2009 encouraging them not to sue people who supply marijuana for medical reasons in accordance with state law.

In August 2013, the U.S. Department of Justice issued an update to the cannabis enforcement policy. The issued statement read that the expected states such as Colorado and Washington should set up a strong state-based administration effort that will defer the right to object their legalization laws at the moment. The department is also free to test the states at any given time they feel it is crucial.

There are some states that have legalized marijuana use for medicinal purposes. Below is a list of all countries that have legalized marijuana for medicinal purposes.
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In January 2018, a Marijuana Enforcement Memorandum was issued by the former Attorney General and it abolished the Cole Memorandum, and allowed the federal prosecutors to choose how to compute enforcement of federal marijuana laws. To be more specific, the Sessions Memorandum points to the U.S. Attorney to scale all important considerations including federal law enforcement preferences set by the Attorney General.

The District of Colombia and Arizona voters passed enthusiasm to allow for medical use but their request was overturned. Initiative 59 was passed in the District of Columbia in the year 1998. However, Congress cut off the initiative from becoming law. The D.C. Council later put initiative 59 that was not active for a period of time and unanimously accepted modifications to the law.

Before proposition 203 in 2010 was passed, Arizona voters, at first, agreed to a ballot initiative in 1996. However, the initiatives declared that doctors would be given permission to write a prescription for cannabis. Since cannabis is still a Schedule 1 substance, the federal law forbids its prescription thus making the initiatives null and void. Medical marijuana instructions are more often called referrals or recommendations because the federal prescription prohibited it. States that have medical marijuana laws tend to have the patient registry, which provides protection against arrest for having into custody a certain amount of cannabis for personal medicinal purpose.

Some of the most asked policy questions concerning medical marijuana is how to control its dispensing, recommendation, and registration of authorized patients. Some localities and states without dispensary regulatory are having a boom in new businesses, believing that they will be allowed to sell before presumably harsh regulations are made. Medical marijuana farmers or dispensaries are more often called caregivers and may be bound to a specific number of products or plants per patient. This matter may also be monitored on a local level or to any state regulation.

Today, most of the advocates are pushing for the legalization of marijuana so that patients can have a safe option for pain reliever. Actually, most people use cannabis to treat opioid addiction. Potential risk of cannabis should also be discussed with the doctor. You should also know that the effect of marijuana varies from different people and you can not tell how it will react to you unless you have used it.

Citations
https://www.healthline.com/health/medical-marijuana
https://www.ncsl.org/research/health/state-medical-marijuana-laws.aspx
https://disa.com/map-of-marijuana-legality-by-state

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